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How do we use the Past Perfect tense?

The past perfect is used without a subsequent action in hypothetical si clauses — when something could or would have happened if a condition, stated with the past perfect, had been met. After certain conjunctions, French requires the future perfect where the past perfect is used in English — learn more. This free website is created with love and a great deal of work. If you love it, please consider making a one-time or monthly donation.

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Elle avait fini tout le travail quand je suis parti. She had finished all the work when I left. I have walked, she has walked, they have taken, he has taken. I haven't walked, she hasn't walked, they haven't taken, he hasn't taken.

Past Perfect - Remastered Vintage Music

Have I walked? Has she walked? Have they taken? Has he taken? Past: Present Perfect Progressive.

Using the Past Perfect

I have been walking, she has been walking, they have been taking, he has been taking. I haven't been walking, she hasn't been walking, they haven't been taking, he hasn't been taking. Have I been walking? Has she been walking? Have they been taking? Has he been taking? Past: Past Perfect Simple. Emphasising that something in the past stopped or was over when something else began, describing the fact that something happened before a certain time.

I had walked, she had walked, they had taken, he had taken. I hadn't walked, she hadn't walked, they hadn't taken, he hadn't taken. Had I walked? Had she walked? Had they taken? Had he taken?

Past Perfect aka Pluperfect

Past: Past Perfect Progressive. Emphasising the progress or duration of something, describing things that happened in the past and stopped or were over at a certain time later in the past. I had been walking, she had been walking, they had been taking, he had been taking.


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  5. I hadn't been walking, she hadn't been walking, they hadn't been taking, he hadn't been taking. Had I been walking? Had she been walking? Had they been taking?

    The Past Perfect Formula

    Had he been taking? Future: Will-Future. Describing things that will certainly happen in the future, talking about expectations, hopes or assumptions, spontaneous decisions. I will walk, she will walk, they will take, he will take. I won't walk, she won't walk, they won't take, he won't take.

    Will I walk? Will she walk?

    Form of Past Perfect Simple

    Will they take? Will he take? Future: Going-to-Future. Describing plans and aims in the future, implications, talking about things that will happen in the near future. I am going to walk, she is going to walk, they are going to take, he is going to take. I am not going to walk, she isn't going to walk, they aren't going to take, he isn't going to take.

    Another time to use the past perfect is when you are expressing a condition and a result: If I had woken up earlier this morning, I would have caught Tootles red-handed. The past perfect is used in the part of the sentence that explains the condition the if-clause. Most often, the reason to write a verb in the past perfect tense is to show that it happened before other actions in the same sentence that are described by verbs in the simple past tense.

    If your friends asked what you did after you discovered the graffiti, they would be confused if you said: I had cleaned it off the door.

    caitiletza.tk Making the past perfect negative is simple! Just insert not between had and [past participle]. We looked for witnesses, but the neighbors had not seen Tootles in the act. If Tootles had not included his own name in the message, we would have no idea who was behind it.

    Had Tootles caused trouble in other neighborhoods before he struck ours? We were relieved that Tootles used washable paint.